2018-09-12 14:29:51 +0000   |     algorithm leetcode string array   |   Viewed times   |    

题目

Given a C++ program, remove comments from it. The program source is an array where source[i] is the i-th line of the source code. This represents the result of splitting the original source code string by the newline character \n.

In C++, there are two types of comments, line comments, and block comments.

The string // denotes a line comment, which represents that it and rest of the characters to the right of it in the same line should be ignored.

The string /* denotes a block comment, which represents that all characters until the next (non-overlapping) occurrence of */ should be ignored. (Here, occurrences happen in reading order: line by line from left to right.) To be clear, the string /*/ does not yet end the block comment, as the ending would be overlapping the beginning.

The first effective comment takes precedence over others: if the string // occurs in a block comment, it is ignored. Similarly, if the string /* occurs in a line or block comment, it is also ignored.

If a certain line of code is empty after removing comments, you must not output that line: each string in the answer list will be non-empty.

There will be no control characters, single quote, or double quote characters. For example, source = "string s = "/* Not a comment. */";" will not be a test case. (Also, nothing else such as defines or macros will interfere with the comments.)

It is guaranteed that every open block comment will eventually be closed, so /* outside of a line or block comment always starts a new comment.

Finally, implicit newline characters can be deleted by block comments. Please see the examples below for details.

After removing the comments from the source code, return the source code in the same format.

Example 1:

Input:
source = ["/*Test program */", "int main()", "{ ", "  // variable declaration ", "int a, b, c;", "/* This is a test", "   multiline  ", "   comment for ", "   testing */", "a = b + c;", "}"]

The line by line code is visualized as below:
/*Test program */
int main()
{
  // variable declaration
int a, b, c;
/* This is a test
   multiline  
   comment for
   testing */
a = b + c;
}

Output: ["int main()","{ ","  ","int a, b, c;","a = b + c;","}"]

The line by line code is visualized as below:
int main()
{

int a, b, c;
a = b + c;
}

Explanation:
The string /* denotes a block comment, including line 1 and lines 6-9. The string // denotes line 4 as comments.

Example 2:

Input:
source = ["a/*comment", "line", "more_comment*/b"]
Output: ["ab"]
Explanation: The original source string is "a/*comment\nline\nmore_comment*/b", where we have bolded the newline characters.  After deletion, the implicit newline characters are deleted, leaving the string "ab", which when delimited by newline characters becomes ["ab"].

Note:

有限状态机

遍历整个输入字符串数组有两种状态:

  1. 非注释状态
  2. 注释状态(仅限于/* ... */区块注释的情况。//行注释直接跳过本行剩余所有字符,而不进入注释状态)

代码

class Solution {
    public List<String> removeComments(String[] source) {
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<>();        
        boolean inComment = false; // true only if in block comment /* ... */
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for (int i = 0; i < source.length; i++) {
            char[] line = source[i].toCharArray();
            for (int j = 0; j < line.length; j++) {
                char c = line[j];
                if (inComment) {
                    if (c == '*' && (j + 1 < line.length) && line[j + 1] == '/') {
                        inComment = !inComment;
                        j++;
                    } else {
                        continue;
                    }
                } else { // not in comment
                    if (c == '/' && (j + 1 < line.length)) {
                        if (line[j + 1] == '/') { // comment in line
                            break;
                        } else if (line[j + 1] == '*') {
                            inComment = !inComment;
                            j++;
                        } else {
                            sb.append(c);
                        }
                    } else {
                        sb.append(c);
                    }
                }
            }
            if (!inComment && sb.length() > 0) {
                list.add(sb.toString());
                sb.delete(0, sb.length());
            }
        }
        return list;
    }
}

结果

remove-comments-1