2017-04-08 17:11:44 +0000   |     algorithm leetcode string   |   Viewed times   |    

题目

The count-and-say sequence is the sequence of integers beginning as follows:

1, 11, 21, 1211, 111221, ...

1 is read off as “one 1” or 11. 11 is read off as “two 1s” or 21. 21 is read off as “one 2, then one 1” or 1211. Given an integer n, generate the nth sequence.

Note: The sequence of integers will be represented as a string.

递归版

base case1。写一个read()函数,负责把之前的一个数字朗读出来。然后递归调用read()函数,朗读之前朗读出来的结果。

代码

public class Solution {
    public String countAndSay(int n) {
        if (n < 1) { return ""; }
        if (n == 1) { return "1"; }
        return read(countAndSay(n-1));
    }
    public String read(String s) {
        int cursor = 0, count = 1;
        char reg = s.charAt(cursor);
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        while (++cursor < s.length()) {
            char c = s.charAt(cursor);
            if (c != reg ) {
                sb.append(Integer.toString(count)).append(reg);
                reg = c;
                count = 1;
            } else {
                count++;
            }
        }
        sb.append(Integer.toString(count)).append(reg);
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

结果

不错。应该没有更高级别银弹了。 count-and-say-1

迭代版

代码

public class Solution {
    public String countAndSay(int n) {
        if (n < 1) { return ""; }
        String bootstrap = "1";
        while (--n > 0) {
            bootstrap = read(bootstrap);
        }
        return bootstrap;
    }
    public String read(String s) {
        int cursor = 0, count = 1;
        char reg = s.charAt(cursor);
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        while (++cursor < s.length()) {
            char c = s.charAt(cursor);
            if (c != reg) {
                sb.append(Integer.toString(count)).append(reg);
                reg = c;
                count = 1;
            } else {
                count++;
            }
        }
        sb.append(Integer.toString(count)).append(reg);
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

结果

nice! count-and-say-2