2017-04-01 15:17:44 +0000   |     algorithm leetcode linked list   |   Viewed times   |    

题目

Given a linked list, swap every two adjacent nodes and return its head.

For example,
Given 1->2->3->4, you should return the list as 2->1->4->3.

Your algorithm should use only constant space. You may not modify the values in the list, only nodes itself can be changed.

一次遍历

一次遍历,使用一个ListNode temp的额外空间,用来暂存一个节点,然后交换节点。线性复杂度。

代码

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * public class ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     ListNode next;
 *     ListNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
public class Solution {
    public ListNode swapPairs(ListNode head) {
        ListNode sentinel = new ListNode(0), cursor = sentinel;
        sentinel.next = head;
        while (cursor.next != null && cursor.next.next != null) {
            ListNode temp = cursor.next;
            cursor.next = cursor.next.next;
            temp.next = cursor.next.next;
            cursor.next.next = temp;
            cursor = cursor.next.next;
            System.out.println(sentinel.next);
        }
        return sentinel.next;
    }
}

结果

不算好。还有银弹没找到。 swap-nodes-in-pairs-1

还是一次遍历 , 优化指针

与其用一个temp缓存空间,这次变成两个nextNodeafterNext。多一个缓存空间可以简化指针转换操作。但还是constant space,符合要求。

代码

public class Solution {
    public ListNode swapPairs(ListNode head) {
        if (head == null || head.next == null) { return head; }
        ListNode sentinel = new ListNode(0);
        sentinel.next = head;
        ListNode cursor = sentinel, nextNode = cursor, afterNext = cursor;
        while (cursor.next != null && cursor.next.next != null) {
            nextNode = cursor.next;
            afterNext = cursor.next.next;
            nextNode.next = afterNext.next;
            cursor.next = afterNext;
            cursor.next.next = nextNode;
            cursor = cursor.next.next;
        }
        return sentinel.next;
    }
}

结果

这题不会有比好的银弹了。 swap-nodes-in-pairs-2

递归版

迭代版总能翻译成递归版。

代码

public class Solution {
    public ListNode swapPairs(ListNode head) {
        if (head == null || head.next == null) { return head; }
        ListNode sentinel = new ListNode(0), cursor = sentinel;
        sentinel.next = head;
        ListNode nextNode = cursor.next, afterNext = nextNode.next;
        swapPairsRecursive(cursor,nextNode,afterNext);
        return sentinel.next;
    }
    public void swapPairsRecursive(ListNode cursor, ListNode nextNode, ListNode afterNext) {
        nextNode.next = afterNext.next;
        cursor.next = afterNext;
        cursor.next.next = nextNode;
        cursor = cursor.next.next;
        if (cursor.next != null && cursor.next.next != null) {
            swapPairsRecursive(cursor,cursor.next,cursor.next.next);
        }
    }
}

结果

结果是一样的。 swap-nodes-in-pairs-3

简化版递归

不用把ListNode作为一个参数传递,直接作为返回值。递归能大幅简化。

代码

深度优先。非尾递归。

public class Solution {
    public ListNode swapPairs(ListNode head) {
        if (head == null || head.next == null) { return head; }
        ListNode temp = head.next;
        head.next = swapPairs(temp.next);
        temp.next = head;
        return temp;
    }
}

结果

结果不变。 swap-nodes-in-pairs-4