2017-03-30 17:53:53 +0000   |     algorithm leetcode stack string   |   Viewed times   |    

题目

Given a string containing just the characters (, ), {, }, [ and ], determine if the input string is valid.

The brackets must close in the correct order, () and ()[]{} are all valid but “(]” and “([)]” are not.

用LIFO的Stack检查

把符号分为左边符{[(和右边符)]}两组。遇到{[(就把他们存到Stack里,遇到)]}peek出当前处于最上面的一个左边符,检查是否匹配。有3中失败的情况:

  1. ([)]:关闭的右边符和上一个左边符不匹配。
  2. )]:Stack里为空。
  3. [():左边符还没有被正确关上。

Stack用Deque接口的LinkedList。不推荐用Stack

代码

public class Solution {
    private Map<Character,Character> parentheses = new HashMap<>();
    {
        parentheses.put('(',')');
        parentheses.put('[',']');
        parentheses.put('{','}');
    }
    public boolean isValid(String s) {
        if (s == null || s.length() == 0) { return false; }
        char[] chars = s.toCharArray();
        Deque<Character> stack = new LinkedList<Character>();
        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            if (parentheses.containsKey(chars[i])) {
                stack.push(chars[i]);
                continue;
            }
            if (parentheses.containsValue(chars[i])) {
                Character top = stack.peek();
                if (top == null) {
                    return false; //Exit2: Stack里没有内容!
                } else {
                    if (parentheses.get(top) == chars[i]) {
                        stack.pop();
                        continue;
                    } else {
                        return false; //Exit1: 关闭符和上一个开始符匹配不上!
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        if (stack.size() == 0) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false; //Exit3: Stack里还有开始符号没有被关闭!
        }
    }
}

结果

valid-parentheses-1

代码简化

算法同上。代码整理地干净点。

代码

public class Solution {
    private Map<Character,Character> parentheses = new HashMap<>();
    {
        parentheses.put('(',')'); parentheses.put('[',']'); parentheses.put('{','}');
    }
    public boolean isValid(String s) {
        Deque<Character> stack = new LinkedList<Character>();
        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
            char c = s.charAt(i); // next char
            if (parentheses.containsKey(c)) {
                stack.push(c);
                continue;
            }
            Character top = stack.poll(); // Top char in Stack
            if (top == null) { return false; }
            if (parentheses.get(top) != c) { return false; }
        }
        return (stack.size() == 0)? true : false;
    }
}

结果

valid-parentheses-2

继续简化

代码

public class Solution {
    public boolean isValid(String s) {
        Deque<Character> stack = new LinkedList<Character>();
        for (char c : s.toCharArray()) {
            if (c == '{' || c == '[' || c == '(') {
                stack.push(c);
                continue;
            }
            Character top = stack.poll();
            if (top == null) { return false; }
            if (c - top != 2 && c - top != 1) { return false; }
        }
        return (stack.size() == 0)? true : false;
    }
}

结果

valid-parentheses-3

继续简化

So sexy! I love my code!

代码

public class Solution {
    public boolean isValid(String s) {
        Deque<Character> stack = new LinkedList<Character>();
        for (char c : s.toCharArray()) {
            if (c == '{') { stack.push('}'); continue; }
            if (c == '[') { stack.push(']'); continue; }
            if (c == '(') { stack.push(')'); continue; }
            if (stack.isEmpty() || stack.pop() != c) { return false; }
        }
        return stack.isEmpty();
    }
}

结果

valid-parentheses-4