2017-03-20 17:59:06 +0000   |     algorithm leetcode string   |   Viewed times   |    

题目

The string “PAYPALISHIRING” is written in a zigzag pattern on a given number of rows like this: (you may want to display this pattern in a fixed font for better legibility)

P   A   H   N
A P L S I I G
Y   I   R

And then read line by line: PAHNAPLSIIGYIR Write the code that will take a string and make this conversion given a number of rows:

string convert(string text, int nRows); convert(“PAYPALISHIRING”, 3) should return “PAHNAPLSIIGYIR”.

朴素二维数组法

最简单的方法,就是把所有字符存到一个length * numRows大小的二维数组。用一个简单的boolean做flag,控制在二维数组中上下移动。当numRows1时,可以直接返回原字符串。

代码

public class Solution {
    public String convert(String s, int numRows) {
        if (numRows == 1) { return s; }
        char[] chars = s.toCharArray();
        char[][] matrix = new char[numRows][chars.length];
        int[] cursors = new int[numRows];
        boolean goesUp = false; // 控制掉头,0=down, 1=up
        for (int i = 0, row = 0; i < chars.length; i++){
            matrix[row][cursors[row]++] = chars[i];
            // 掉头
            if (row == 0) { goesUp = false; }
            if (row == numRows-1) { goesUp = true; }
            // 跑
            row = (goesUp)? row-1 : row+1;
        }
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for (int i = 0; i < numRows; i++) {
            sb.append(matrix[i],0,cursors[i]);
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

结果

结果已经不差。这题优化的空间不大。 zig-zag-1